AES Journal Forum

Fundamentals of a Parametric Method for Virtual Navigation Within an Array of Ambisonics Microphones

Document Thumbnail

Virtual navigation within a three-dimensional ambisonics-encoded sound field (sound field that has been decomposed into spherical harmonics) enables a listener to explore with 6 degrees of freedom an acoustic space. This allows for experiencing a spatially- and tonally-accurate perception of the sound field. The authors propose and characterize through numerical simulations an interpolation-based method for virtual navigation, wherein a subset of microphones is parametrically determined to ensure that the region of validity restriction is not violated. An existing alternative method, in which navigation is performed by computing a weighted average of the higher-order ambisonics (HOA) signals from each microphone, was shown to incur spectral distortions due to comb-filtering and localization errors The proposed method employs knowledge of the locations of any near-field sources in order to determine which HOA microphones are valid for use in the navigation calculation as a function of the desired listening position. Additionally, at low frequencies, the proposed method applies a matrix of regularized least-squares inverse filters to estimate the ambisonics signals at the listening position, while at high frequencies, the weighted average method is employed. The numerical simulations were validated against experimental measurements, which showed that the observed discrepancies, and therefore the fidelity of the simulations, do not depend significantly on the navigational method, microphone spacing, or source position.

Open Access


JAES Volume 68 Issue 3 pp. 120-137; March 2020
Publication Date:

Download Now (1.1 MB)

This paper is Open Access which means you can download it for free.

No AES members have commented on this paper yet.

Subscribe to this discussion

RSS Feed To be notified of new comments on this paper you can subscribe to this RSS feed. Forum users should login to see additional options.

Start a discussion!

If you would like to start a discussion about this paper and are an AES member then you can login here:

If you are not yet an AES member and have something important to say about this paper then we urge you to join the AES today and make your voice heard. You can join online today by clicking here.

AES - Audio Engineering Society