Multiple microphones are often used to record a single source in live and studio productions. Because such microphones are often at different distances from the source, the sum of their signals creates a comb filter response with flanging effect. These effects can be avoided if there is automated delay compensation. This article analyzes the accuracy of the Generalized Cross Correlation with Phase Transform (GCC-PHAT) as a delay-estimation technique when applied to arbitrary music signals. The authors show that the window function used in the GCC-PHAT calculation influences the interferences between frequency components with different amplitudes, which results in spectral leakage and errors in the GCC-PHAT calculation. This interference is greatest when the input signal is narrowband and when the window function has high-amplitude side lobes.
Clifford, Alice; Reiss, Joshua D.
Affiliation: Centre for Digital Music, School of Electronic Engineering and Computer Science, Queen Mary University of London, London, UK
JAES Volume 61 Issue 11 pp. 917-927; November 2013
Publication Date: November 26, 2013
No AES members have commented on this report yet.
If you are not yet an AES member and have something important to say about this report then we urge you to join the AES today and make your voice heard. You can join online today by clicking here.