When a visual menu, such as in a computer, needs to be presented with sound, there is a question about how to best communicate an item that is unavailable. This question was explored in three studies that showed that using a whispered voice for unavailable items was favored over an attenuated voice, saying “unavailable,” or skipping such items. In general, participants preferred a female voice over a male voice. Results are discussed in terms of acoustic theory, cognitive menu selection theory, and user interface accessibility. The authors asserted that designers should go beyond a naïve translation from text into speech when creating auditory systems, thereby creating subjective satisfaction.
Jeon, Myounghoon; Gupta, Siddharth; Davison, Benjamin K.; Walker, Bruce N.
Affiliation: Sonification Lab, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, USA
JAES Volume 60 Issue 7/8 pp. 505-518; July 2012
Publication Date: August 27, 2012
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