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AES Journal Forum
Theory and Practice of Modified Frequency Modulation Synthesis
Frequency modulation synthesis of musical instruments has been studied for years and its limitations are well known. By modifying the basic closed-form equations to work in the complex domain, an alternative method that can overcome some of these limitations is presented. The proposed approach provides a smoothly evolving spectrum with regard to variations in modulation index. A phase-synchronous version is discussed with application to resonant and formant synthesis. A comparison with the classical frequency modulation approach illustrates its advantages. Adaptive applications of the algorithm are introduced and explored.
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