A careful evaluation of listening tests designed to measure audio quality shows that they are vulnerable to systematic errors, which include biases due to affective judgments, response mapping bias, and interface bias. As a result of factors such as personal preferences, the appearance of the equipment, and the listeners' expectations or mood, errors can range up to 40% with respect to the total range of the scale. As a general conclusion, test results should be considered relative, rather than absolute. Scales in previous studies, which have been assumed to be linear, may exhibit departure from linearity. The visual appearance of the user interface may lead to severe quantization of the distribution of scores. Recommendations are offered to improve audio quality tests.
Zielinski, Slawomir; Rumsey, Francis; Bech, Søren
Affiliations: Institute of Sound Recording, University of Surrey, Guildford, GU2 7XH, UK ; Bang & Olufsen, Struer, Denmark(See document for exact affiliation information.)
JAES Volume 56 Issue 6 pp. 427-451; June 2008
Publication Date: June 15, 2008
No AES members have commented on this paper yet.
If you are not yet an AES member and have something important to say about this paper then we urge you to join the AES today and make your voice heard. You can join online today by clicking here.