Stadiums and similar venues in the UK and throughout most of Europe are subject to strict safety standards and regulations, including the performance of their Public Address systems. The usual requirement is for the PA system to achieve a potential speech intelligibility performance of 0.50 STI, though some authorities and organizations require a higher value than this. However, a problem exists with measuring the performance of the system, as this can only be carried out in the empty stadium. The paper shows that with occupancy, the acoustic conditions change significantly, as the spectators introduce significant sound absorption and also increase the background noise level. The effect this can have on the intelligibility performance of the sound system is examined and discussed. The relationship between the unoccupied starting conditions and audience absorption and distribution are also investigated.
Mapp, Peter; Hammond, Ross
Affiliations: Peter Mapp Associates, Colchester, Essex, UK; University of Derby, Derby, Derbyshire, UK(See document for exact affiliation information.)
AES Convention: 147 (October 2019) Paper Number: 10267
Publication Date: October 8, 2019
Subject: Recording, Production, and Live Sound
No AES members have commented on this paper yet.
If you are not yet an AES member and have something important to say about this paper then we urge you to join the AES today and make your voice heard. You can join online today by clicking here.