AES Convention Papers Forum

A Study of Listener Bass and Loudness Preferences over Loudspeakers and Headphones

Document Thumbnail

In order to study listener bass and loudness preferences over loudspeakers and headphones a series experiments using a method of adjustment were run. Listeners adjusted the bass and loudness levels of multiple genres of music to their personal preference in separate listening sessions over loudspeakers in a listening room and headphones equalized to simulate loudspeakers in a listening room. The results indicated that listeners who preferred more bass over both headphones and loudspeakers also tended to listen at higher levels. Furthermore the majority of listeners preferred slightly higher bass and loudness levels over loudspeakers than over headphones. Listener factors including musical preferences, hearing ability, and training level are also explored.

Open Access


AES Convention: Paper Number:
Publication Date:

Download Now (567 KB)

This paper is Open Access which means you can download it for free.

No AES members have commented on this paper yet.

Subscribe to this discussion

RSS Feed To be notified of new comments on this paper you can subscribe to this RSS feed. Forum users should login to see additional options.

Start a discussion!

If you would like to start a discussion about this paper and are an AES member then you can login here:

If you are not yet an AES member and have something important to say about this paper then we urge you to join the AES today and make your voice heard. You can join online today by clicking here.

AES - Audio Engineering Society