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Lossless Audio Checker: A Software for the Detection of Upscaling, Upsampling, and Transcoding in Lossless Musical Tracks

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Internet music dealers currently sell “CD quality” tracks, or even better (“Studio Master”), thanks to lossless audio coding formats (FLAC, ALAC). However, a lossless format does not guarantee that the audio content is what it seems to be. The audio signal may have been upscaled (increasing the resolution), upsampled (increasing the sample rate), or even transcoded from a lossy to a lossless format. In this paper we describe a new software that analyzes lossless audio tracks and detects upsampling, upscaling, and transcoding (only for AAC in this early version). Validation tests over a large music database (with groundtruth available) show that this method is fast and accurate: 100% of success for upscaling and transcoding, 91.3% for upsampling.

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AES - Audio Engineering Society