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Comparative Static and Dynamic FEA Analysis of Single and Dual Voice Coil Midrange Transducers

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The concept of the dual coil direct-radiating loudspeakers have been known for several decades. JBL Professional pioneered in design and application of dual coil woofers and midrange loudspeakers. There are several properties of the dual coil transducers that differentiate them from the traditional single voice coil design. First is the better heat dissipation—the dual coil may be considered as a traditional coil slit in two parts and each one is positioned into its own magnetic gap. Second is the symmetry of the force factor (Bl product) versus position of the voice coils in their gaps. It is explained by the fact that one coil leaves its gap the other one on contrary enters its gap. These two features are well researched and described in literature [1,2]. Less is known about advantage of the dual coil transducers related to the flux modulation and dependence of the alternating magnetic flux (and corresponding voice coil inductance) on frequency, current, and voice coil positions. In this work comparison of a regular single coil design and dual coil configuration is carried out through dynamic magnetic FEA modeling and measurements.

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AES - Audio Engineering Society