In this study we discuss some of the limitations of Gaussian humanization and consider ways in which the articulation patterns exhibited by percussionists can be emulated using a probabilistic model. Prior and likelihood functions are derived from a dataset of professional drummers to create a series of empirical distributions. These are then used to independently modulate the onset locations and amplitudes of a quantized sequence, using a recursive Bayesian framework. Finally, we evaluate the performance of the model against sequences created with a Gaussian humanizer and sequences created with a Hidden Markov Model (HMM) using paired listening tests. We are able to demonstrate that probabilistic models perform better than instantaneous Gaussian models, when evaluated using a 4/4 rock beat at 120 bpm.
Stables, Ryan; Athwal, Cham; Cade, Rob
Affiliation: Birmingham City University, Birmingham, UK
AES Convention: 133 (October 2012) Paper Number: 8763
Publication Date: October 25, 2012
Subject: Sound Analysis and Synthesis
No AES members have commented on this paper yet.
If you are not yet an AES member and have something important to say about this paper then we urge you to join the AES today and make your voice heard. You can join online today by clicking here.