In This Section
Reflecting on Reflections - June 2014
Audibility of a CD-Standard A/DA/A Loop Inserted into High-Resolution Audio Playback - September 2007
Quiet Thoughts on a Deafening Problem - May 2014
AES Convention Papers Forum
Bi-Directional Audio-Tactile Interface for Portable Electronic Devices
When an audio system uses the screen or casework vibrating as the loudspeaker, it can also provide haptic feedback. Just as a loudspeaker may be used reciprocally as a microphone, the haptic feedback aspect of the design may be operated as a touch sensor. This paper considers how to model a basic system embodying these aspects, including the electrical part, with a finite element package. For a piezoelectric exciter, full reciprocal modelling is possible, but for electromagnetic exciters it is not, unless multi-physics simulation is supported. For the latter, a model using only lumped parameter mechanical elements is developed.
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