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Conjugate Gradient Techniques for Multichannel Acoustic Echo Cancellation in Frequency Domain

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Multichannel acoustic cancellation problem requires working with extremely large impulse responses. Multirate adaptive schemes such as the partitioned block frequency-domain adaptive filter (PBFDAF) are good alternatives and are widely used in commercial echo cancellation systems nowadays. However, being a Least Mean Square (LMS) derived algorithm, the convergence speed may not be fast enough under some circumstances. In this paper we propose a new scheme which combines frequency-domain adaptive filtering with conjugate gradient techniques in order to speed up the convergence time. The new algorithm (PBFDAF-CG) is developed and its behavior is compared against previous PBFDAF schemes.

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